Phonics

In Pre-school, Reception and Year One the children are taught phonics via the Letters and Sounds programme.  Each day they receive a 20 minute session based on the introduction to specific phonemes within the different phases.  Pre-school children complete phase one where they are introduced to environmental sounds, tuning into letter sounds through alliteration, rhyming words, blending and segmenting sounds in words.  Reception continue with these skills as they develop their reading and writing of specific words within phases two, three and four.  Year One complete the programme by looking at alternative spellings for the phonemes learn within phase five.

All children in Year sit the national Phonics Screening Check in June of every year.

Throughout this programme your child will be introduced to the correct terminology.  To help support your child at home here is a list of the aforementioned terminology:

Letters and Sounds Terminology

Grapheme
A grapheme is a symbol of a phoneme – a letter or a group of letters.

Grapheme-phoneme correspondences (GPCs)
This is when we convert graphemes into phonemes when we decode words whilst reading.

Digraph
A digraph is where two letters represent one phoneme , e.g. ai in sail

Phoneme
A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in words.

Split digraph
Split digraph is where two letters represent one phoneme but the two letters are separated by another letter, e.g a k e as in cake

Trigraph
A trigraph is where three letters represent one phoneme, e.g igh in night

Phoneme frames:

1st2nd3rd
cat
bird
tree
fish
knight
Segmenting
This consists of breaking down words into the single phonemes – to spell out the word.

For example, chop = ch o p

Blending
This consists of building up words from single phonemes.

For example, ch o p = chop

Both of these skills are essential for children to learn to read as when they come across a new word they will segment the word and then blend it together again.

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